Validación electrónica de vehículos. Nuevas metodologías y posibles aportaciones al transporte sostenible

Supervised by:
  1. David Borge Diez Director
  2. Antonio Colmenar Santos Director

Defence university: UNED. Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia

Fecha de defensa: 26 January 2022

  1. Fernando Briz del Blanco Chair
  2. Enrique Rosales Asensio Secretary
  3. Miguel de Simón Martín Committee member

Type: Thesis


Abstract Vehicles are becoming sophisticated electronic systems due to the fact that they are integrating a significant number of electronic control units. This trend will certainly continue in the year to come as more complex functions will be integrated in vehicles specially thanks to the autonomous driving. Consequently, software validation techniques are a key element for car manufacturers in order to ensure the quality of the vehicle which will be marketed. In turn, this validation process increases costs for manufacturers, and this must be reduced with the aim of improving the profitability of projects. Most of the sustainable transport models are based on electric solutions or on similar solutions which imply that traditional powertrains are substituted by others those that generate fewer local emissions. A transport model can be innovative per se by offering solutions that have not been proposed so far, or it can innovate by offering applications on different fields such as eco-design, Vehicle-to-X technique or European policies (European Green Deal), which benefits sustainability based on models already described in the literature. What is the link between automotive software validation and sustainable transport models? By validating software and adding new functionalities, energy consumption can be significantly reduced. Consequently, this thesis offers innovative validation solutions based on expert systems. A sustainable transport model is proposed, demonstrating its economic viability. Once this is done, it evaluates the contributions of the electronic control unit software of an electric vehicle (the main actor of sustainable transport models) on sustainability and society, such as the reduction of emissions during a product design (eco-design) and the improvements in the vehicle-to-building technique with the aim of making transport models even more eco-friendly. Finally, the impact of the social sectors on sustainable transport models is studied in detail, making proposals to be considered in the current environmental policies under discussion within the European Union, such as the European Green Deal, in order to improve the sustainability of transport models based on electric mobility.