Hábitos no saludables y práctica de actividad física en estudiantes universitarios españolespapel del género, perfil académico y convivencia

  1. Antonio José Molina de la Torre
  2. Tania Fernández Villa
  3. Vicente Martín Sánchez
  4. Carlos Ayán Pérez
  5. José María Cancela Carral
  6. Verónica Varela Mato
Journal:
Adicciones: Revista de socidrogalcohol

ISSN: 0214-4840

Year of publication: 2012

Volume: 24

Issue: 4

Pages: 319-328

Type: Article

DOI: 10.20882/ADICCIONES.82 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Adicciones: Revista de socidrogalcohol

Metrics

Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 32 (04-11-2023)
  • Dialnet Métricas Cited by: 4 (05-12-2023)
  • Web of Science Cited by: 24 (14-10-2023)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 21 (28-02-2023)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2012
  • Journal Impact Factor: 1.015
  • Journal Impact Factor without self cites: 0.615
  • Article influence score: 0.0
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: SUBSTANCE ABUSE Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 21/30 (Ranking edition: SSCI)
  • Area: SUBSTANCE ABUSE Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 14/16 (Ranking edition: SCIE)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2012
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.343
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: Medicine (miscellaneous) Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 1498/3007
  • Area: Psychiatry and Mental Health Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 273/548

CIRC

  • Social Sciences: A+

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2012
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 1.9
  • Area: Psychiatry and Mental Health Percentile: 54
  • Area: Medicine (miscellaneous) Percentile: 51

Dimensions

(Data updated as of 28-02-2023)
  • Total citations: 21
  • Recent citations: 5
  • Relative Citation Ratio (RCR): 0.94
  • Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 3.46

Abstract

El objetivo del estudio es identificar los factores personales asociados con el consume de drogas y la práctica de actividad física en una población de estudiantes universitarios del noroeste de España. Se realizó un estudio cross-sectional entre Enero y Abril de 2010 usando un cuestionario autocontestado que incluía género, edad, titulación y curso de estudios, convivencia y trabajo, y también preguntas sobre su consumo actual de tabaco, consumo de alcohol y episodios de consumo elevado de alcohol, uso de drogas ilegales y frecuencia de actividad física. Se calcularon las prevalencias y se realizó un análisis bivariante y multivariante por regresión logística para distintos modelos para los hábitos ajustando por las variables sociodemográficas. La mayoría de los estudiantes consume alcohol (78,3%), un 31,7% consume tabaco y un 34% ha consumido drogas ilegales en algún momento. La prevalencia de realización de actividad física suficiente fue del 22,7%, siendo claramente menor en mujeres y en titulaciones no vinculadas al deporte. Menos mujeres consumen drogas ilegales y alcohol, pero el consumo episódico elevado de alcohol es mayor en mujeres. Vivir con amigos es un factor de riesgo para el consumo de drogas legales e ilegales respecto a vivir con los padres. Las titulaciones sobre deporte, salud y educación mostraron menores prevalencias de consumo de drogas que las otras. Puesto que el consumo de drogas y la inadecuada actividad física varían según género, situación de convivencia y titulación, sería apropiado tener estas diferencias en cuenta para diseñar intervenciones más eficientes de promoción de la salud.

Bibliographic References

  • Ashton, C. H., & Kamali, F. (1995). Personality, lifestyles, alcohol and drug consumption in a sample of British medical students. Medical Education, 29, 187-192.
  • Bendtsen, P., Johansson, K., & Akerlind, I. (2006). Feasibility of an email-based electronic screening and brief intervention (e-SBI) to college students in Sweden. Addictive Behaviors, 31, 777-787. doi: S0306-4603(05)00162-0 [pii] 10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.06.002
  • Boot, C. R., Rietmeijer, C. B., Vonk, P., & Meijman, F. J. (2009). Perceived health profiles of Dutch university students living with their parents, alone or with peers. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 21, 41-49.
  • Boot, C. R., Rosiers, J. F., Meijman, F. J., & Van Hal, G. F. (2010). Consumption of tobacco, alcohol and recreational drugs in university students in Belgium and the Netherlands: the role of living situation. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 22, 527-534.
  • Borsari, B., Murphy, J. G., & Barnett, N. P. (2007). Predictors of alcohol use during the first year of college: implications for prevention. Addictive Behaviors, 32, 2062-2086. doi: S0306-4603(07)00032-9 [pii] 10.1016/j.addbeh.2007.01.017
  • Brener, N. D., Billy, J. O., & Grady, W. R. (2003). Assessment of factors affecting the validity of self-reported health-risk behavior among adolescents: evidence from the scientific literature. The Journal of Adolescent Health, 33, 436-457. doi: S1054139X03000521 [pii]
  • Butler, A. B., Dodge, K. D., & Faurote, E. J. (2010). College student employment and drinking: a daily study of work stressors, alcohol expectancies, and alcohol consumption. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 15, 291-303. doi: 2010-13667-007 [pii] 10.1037/a0019822
  • Caamaño-Isorna, F., Corral, M., Parada, M., & Cadaveira, F. (2008). Factors associated with risky consumption and heavy episodic drinking among Spanish university students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 69, 308-312.
  • Cortés Tomás, M. T., Espejo Tort, B., & Giménez Costa, J. A. (2007). [Characteristics that define the ‘botellón’ phenomenon in university students and adolescents]. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 69, 357-372.
  • Digrande, L., Perrier, M. P., Lauro, M. G., & Contu, P. (2000). Alcohol use and correlates of binge drinking among university students on the Island of Sardinia, Italy. Substance Use & Misuse, 35, 14711483.
  • Dodd, L. J., Al-Nakeeb, Y., Nevill, A., & Forshaw, M. J. (2010). Lifestyle risk factors of students: a cluster analytical approach. Preventive Medicine, 51, 73-77. doi: S0091-7435(10)00118-0 [pii] 10.1016/j. ypmed.2010.04.005
  • European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (2011). Annual report 2011: the state of the drugs problem in Europe. Available at: http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/annualreport/2011 . Accessed December 12, 2011. ISBN 978-92-9168470-0 doi:10.2810/44330
  • Font-Mayolas, S., Gras, M.E., & Planes, M. (2006) Análisis del patrón de consumo de cannabis en estudiantes Universitarios. [Analysis of cannabis consumption pattern in university students]. Adicciones, 18, 337-344.
  • Gfroerer, J. C., Greenblatt, J. C., & Wright, D. A. (1997). Substance use in the US college-age population: Differences according to educational status and living arrangement. American Journal of Public Health, 87, 62-65. doi: 10.2105/ajph.87.1.62
  • Ghodse, A. H., & Howse, K. (1994). Substance use of medical students: a nationwide survey. Health Trends, 26, 85-88.
  • Haase, A., Steptoe, A., Sallis, J. F., & Wardle, J. (2004). Leisure-time physical activity in university students from 23 countries: associations with health beliefs, risk awareness, and national economic development. Preventive Medicine, 39, 182-190. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.01.028
  • Hacıhasanoğlu, R., Yıldırım, A., Karakurt, P., & Sağlam, R. (2011). Healthy lifestyle behaviour in university students and influential factors in eastern Turkey. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 17, 43-51. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-172X.2010.01905.x
  • Instituto Nacional de Estadística. Encuesta Nacional de Salud, 2006. Available at: http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu. do?type=pcaxis&path=%2Ft15/p419&file=inebase&L=0 . Accessed December 12, 2011.
  • Irwin, J. D. (2004). Prevalence of university students’ sufficient physical activity: A systematic review. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 98, 927-943. doi: 10.2466/pms.98.3.927-943
  • Jiménez-Muro Franco, A., Beamonte San Agustín, A., Marqueta, A., Gargallo Valero, P., & Nerín de la Puerta, I. (2009). Consumo de drogas en estudiantes universitarios de primer curso. [Addictive substance use among first-year university students]. Adicciones, 21, 21-28.
  • Kashdan, T. B., Vetter, C. J., & Collins, R. L. (2005). Substance use in young adults: associations with personality and gender. Addictive Behaviors, 30, 259-269. doi: S0306460304001868 [pii] 10.1016/j. addbeh.2004.05.014
  • Keating, X. D., Guan, J., Piñero, J. C., & Bridges, D. M. (2005). A meta-analysis of college students’ physical activity behaviors. Journal of American College Health, 54, 116-125. doi: 10.3200/ JACH.54.2.116-126
  • Laing, C., Chao, K.‐M., & Robinson, A. (2005) Managing the expectations of non‐traditional students: a process of negotiation. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 29, 169-179
  • López López, M. J., Santín Vilariño, C., Torrico Linares, E., & Rodríguez González, J.M. (2003). Consumption of psychoactive substances in a sample of undergraduate students. Psicología y Salud, 13, 5-17.
  • Llorens, N., Barrio, G., Sánchez, A., Suelves, J. M., & ESTUDES Working Group. (2011). Effects of socialization and family factors on adolescent excessive drinking in Spain. Prevention Science, 12, 150-161. doi: 10.1007/s11121-010-0195-0
  • Martín, V., Molina, A. J., Fernández, D., Fernández, T., de Abajo, S., & Delgado, M. (2011). Effectiveness of a course on the prevention and control of the smoking habit on its prevalence and incidence among students of health sciences. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 67, 747-755. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05532.x
  • McCabe, S. E., Schulenberg, J. E., Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Kloska, D. D. (2005). Selection and socialization effects of fraternities and sororities on US college student substance use: a multi-cohort national longitudinal study. Addiction, 100, 512-524. doi: ADD1038 [pii] 10.1111/j.13600443.2005.01038.x
  • Mota, N., Alvarez-Gil, R., Corral, M., Rodríguez Holguín, S., Parada, M., Crego, A., . . . Cadaveira, F. (2010). Risky alcohol use and heavy episodic drinking among Spanish University students: a two-year follow-up. Gaceta Sanitaria, 24, 372-377. doi: S02139111(10)00129-9 [pii] 10.1016/j.gaceta.2010.02.013
  • Newbury-Birch, D., White, M., & Kamali, F. (2000). Factors influencing alcohol and illicit drug use amongst medical students. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 59, 125-130. doi: S0376871699001088 [pii]
  • O’Malley, P. M., & Johnston, L. D. (2002). Epidemiology of alcohol and other drug use among American college students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol Suppl. (14), 23-39.
  • Plasschaert, A. J., Hoogstraten, J., van Emmerik, B. J., Webster, D. B., & Clayton, R. R. (2001). Substance use among Dutch dental students. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 29, 48-54.
  • Riou Franca, L., Dautzenberg, B., Falissard, B., & Reynaud, M. (2010). Peer substance use overestimation among French university students: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health, 10, 169, 169. doi: 1471-2458-10-169 [pii]10.1186/1471-2458-10-169
  • Steptoe, A., & Wardle, J. (2001). Health behaviour, risk awareness and emotional well-being in students from Eastern Europe and Western Europe. Social Science & Medicine, 53, 1621-1630. doi: 10.1016/s0277-9536(00)00446-9
  • Steptoe, A., Wardle, J., Cui, W. W., Bellisle, F., Zotti, A. M., Baranyai, R., & Sanderman, R. (2002). Trends in smoking, diet, physical exercise, and attitudes toward health in European university students from 13 countries, 1990-2000. Preventive Medicine, 35, 97-104. doi: 10.1006/pmed.2002.1048
  • Underwood, B., & Fox, K. (2000a). A survey of alcohol and drug use among UK based dental undergraduates. British Dental Journal, 189, 314-317.
  • Vaez, M., & Laflamme, L. (2003). Health behaviors, self-rated health, and quality of life: a study among first-year Swedish university students. Journal of American College Health, 51 (4), 156-162. doi: 10.1080/07448480309596344
  • Valencia-Martín, J. L., Galán, I., & Rodríguez-Artalejo, F. (2009), Alcohol and Self-Rated Health in a Mediterranean Country: The Role of Average Volume, Drinking Pattern, and Alcohol Dependence. Alcohol, Clinical and Experimental Research, 33:240–246. doi:10.1111/j.1530-0277.2008.00826.x
  • VanKim, N. A., Laska, M. N., Ehlinger, E., Lust, K., & Story, M. (2010). Understanding young adult physical activity, alcohol and tobacco use in community colleges and 4-year post-secondary institutions: A cross-sectional analysis of epidemiological surveillance data. BMC Public Health, 10, 208. doi: 1471-2458-10208 [pii] 10.1186/1471-2458-10-208
  • Vázquez, F., Blanco, V., & Torres Iglesias, A. (2008) Patrones de consumo de alcohol, tabaco y otras drogas en estudiantes universitarios. Psicología conductual, 1, :37-54
  • Von Ah, D., Ebert, S., Ngamvitroj, A., Park, N., & Kang, D. H. (2004). Predictors of health behaviours in college students. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 48, 463-474. doi: JAN3229 [pii] 10.1111/j.13652648.2004.03229.x
  • Webb, E., Ashton, C. H., Kelly, P., & Kamali, F. (1996). Alcohol and drug use in UK university students. Lancet, 348, 922-925. doi: S0140673696034101 [pii]
  • Wechsler, H., Lee, J. E., Kuo, M., Seibring, M., Nelson, T. F., & Lee, H. (2002). Trends in college binge drinking during a period of increased prevention efforts. Findings from 4 Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study surveys: 19932001. Journal of American College Health, 50, 203-217. doi: 10.1080/07448480209595713
  • Weitzman, E. R., Nelson, T. F., & Wechsler, H. (2003). Taking up binge drinking in college: the influences of person, social group, and environment. Journal of Adolescent Health, 32, 26-35. doi: S1054139X02004573 [pii]
  • Wicki, M., Kuntsche, E., & Gmel, G. (2010). Drinking at European universities? A review of students’ alcohol use. Addictive Behaviors, 35, 913-924. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2010.06.015
  • World Health Organization. The European health report 2009: health and health systems. WHO Regional Office for Europe Copenhagen, 2009. Available at: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_ file/0009/82386/E93103.pdf. Accessed December 12, 2011.