Análisis de las experiencias negativas en estudiantes del Grado en Enfermería durante sus prácticas clínicas

  1. Jesús Antonio Fernández Fernández
Supervised by:
  1. Daniel Fernández García Director
  2. Leticia Sánchez Valdeón Director

Defence university: Universidad de León

Year of defence: 2023

  1. María Nélida Fernández Martínez Chair
  2. Santiago Martínez Isasi Secretary
  3. Rubén Martín-Payo Committee member

Type: Thesis


Introduction: Nursing students, with their inexperience in the health care setting and the frequent challenge of encountering new environments, are a potentially vulnerable group for bullying during their clinical practice. It is therefore necessary to investigate this global phenomenon since its qualitative, physical and psychological impact may be increasing as well as its quantitative magnitude, given the progressive increase in the number of students enrolled in the Nursing Degree in Spain. Objective: The general objective of this doctoral thesis was to analyze the experiences of bullying and/or harassment suffered by students of the Degree in Nursing at the University of León, during their clinical practices in the last year. Material and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the University of León, the study population being the students of the Degree in Nursing of the Faculty of Health Sciences. The measuring instrument was a questionnaire consisting of 24 items adapted from the work of Hewett and Tee et al. from whom permission was obtained for its use, and it was approved by the University Ethics Committee. The chi-square test, Student's t test and Mann Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis. Results: A prevalence of 19.6% (n=271) of students who suffered episodes of bullying and/or harassment was observed; female students suffered these events in a higher percentage than their male peers, with family members and companions, oriented patients and nurses being the people who carried out these episodes most frequently. This had an impact on their psychological well being and made them feel depressed, humiliated and incapable, which negatively affected the level of care provided to patients.