Relación del consumo problemático de cannabis en la población joven de España con el riesgo percibido, los factores ambientales y los factores sociodemográficos

  1. Jorge Arias de la Torre
  2. Francisco José Eiroa Orosa
  3. Antonio J. Molina
  4. Esther Colell Ortega
  5. Verónica Dávila Batista
  6. Fernando Moreno Montero
  7. Noemí Robles Muñoz
  8. Jose M. Valderas
  9. Vicente Martín
Adicciones: Revista de socidrogalcohol

ISSN: 0214-4840

Year of publication: 2021

Volume: 33

Issue: 1

Pages: 63-69

Type: Article

DOI: 10.20882/ADICCIONES.1256 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Adicciones: Revista de socidrogalcohol


Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 1 (07-03-2023)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2021
  • Journal Impact Factor: 4.102
  • Journal Impact Factor without self cites: 3.388
  • Article influence score: 0.687
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: SUBSTANCE ABUSE Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 13/37 (Ranking edition: SSCI)
  • Area: SUBSTANCE ABUSE Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 10/21 (Ranking edition: SCIE)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2021
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.918
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: Medicine (miscellaneous) Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 545/2489
  • Area: Psychiatry and Mental Health Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 160/556

Índice Dialnet de Revistas

  • Year 2021
  • Journal Impact: 2.550
  • Field: PSICOLOGÍA Quartile: C1 Rank in field: 7/111


  • Social Sciences: A+

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2021
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 4.4
  • Area: Psychiatry and Mental Health Percentile: 66
  • Area: Medicine (miscellaneous) Percentile: 65

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Year 2021
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 0.69
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: SUBSTANCE ABUSE Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 29/54


The relationship of problematic cannabis consumption with perceived risk, socioenvironmental and sociodemographic factors among youth in Spain is not well known. The aims of this study are: 1) to describe the patterns of cannabis consumption (problematic and non-problematic) in Spanish youth, and 2) to explore whether problematic cannabis consumption is related to perceived risk, environmental factors and individual sociodemographic characteristics. A cross-sectional design based on data from the 2015/16 Spanish Household Survey on Alcohol and Drugs (EDADES) was performed. Individuals between 15 and 35 years old having used cannabis during the last year with a complete Cannabis Abuse Screening Test (CAST) were included (N = 1,674). Problematic consumption (CAST >= 7) was considered as dependent variable. Perceived risk, environmental factors (availability of the substance and exposure to consumption situations) and sociodemographic factors were taken as independent variables. Descriptive analyses of consumption patterns were performed and univariable and multivariable Poisson regression models were done. All analyses were stratified by gender. Problematic cannabis consumption was more frequent among men (38.9 %) than among women (23.2 %). While among men, problematic use was related to environmental factors and educational level, among women it was associated with perceived risk and unemployment. Problematic cannabis consumption among Spanish youth is associated with different types of gender-related factors. Due to its representativeness at the population level and the validity of the measures, these results might have important implications on the development of prevention strategies targeted at problematic cannabis consumption.

Funding information

This study was funded by CIBER Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP) as part of the aid for short internships granted to Jorge Arias-De la Torre in 2017 and 2018.


Bibliographic References

  • Arias-De la Torre, J., Fernández-Villa, T., Molina, A. J., Amezcua-Prieto, C., Mateos, R., Cancela, J. M., … Martín, V. (2019). Drug use, family support and related factors in university students. A cross-sectional study based on the uniHcos Project data. Gaceta Sanitaria, 33, 141-147. doi:10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.10.019.
  • Bonar, E. E., Goldstick, J. E., Collins, R. L., Cranford, J. A., Cunningham, R. M., Chermack, S. T., … Walton, M. A. (2017). Daily associations between cannabis motives and consumption in emerging adults. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 178, 136-142. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.05.006.
  • Casajuana Kögel, C., López-Pelayo, H., Oliveras, C., Colom, J., Gual, A. y Balcells-Oliveró, M. M. (2021). The relationship between motivations for cannabis consumption and problematic use. Adicciones, 33, 31-41. doi:10.20882/adicciones.1221.
  • Colell, E., Sánchez-Niubò, A., Delclos, G. L., Benavides, F. G. y Domingo-Salvany, A. (2015). Economic crisis and changes in drug use in the Spanish economically active population. Addiction, 110, 1129-1137. doi:10.1111/add.12923.
  • Cuenca-Royo, A. M., Sánchez-Niubó, A., Forero, C. G., Torrens, M., Suelves, J. M. y Domingo-Salvany, A. (2012). Psychometric properties of the CAST and SDS scales in young adult cannabis users. Addictive Behaviors, 37, 709-715. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.02.012.
  • European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017). European Drug Report 2017: Trends and Developments. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
  • Foster, D. W., Jeffries, E. R., Zvolensky, M. J. y Buckner, J. D. (2016). The interactive influence of cannabis-related negative expectancies and coping motives on cannabis use behavior and problems. Substance Use & Misuse, 51,1504-1511. doi:10.1080/10826084.2016.1188947.
  • García-Sánchez, S., Matalí, J. L., Martín-Fernández, M., Pardo, M., Lleras, M., Castellano-Tejedor, C. y Haro, J. M. (2016). Internalizing and externalizing personality and subjective effects in a sample of adolescent cannabis users. Adicciones, 28, 231-241. doi:10.20882/adicciones.887.
  • Grevenstein, D., Nagy, E. y Kroeninger-Jungaberle, H. (2015). Development of risk perception and substance use of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis among adolescents and emerging adults: evidence of directional influences. Substance Use & Misuse, 50, 376-386. doi:10.3109/10826084.2014.984847.
  • Haug, S., Núñez, C. L., Becker, J., Gmel, G. y Schaub, M. P. (2014). Predictors of onset of cannabis and other drug use in male young adults: results from a longitudinal study. BMC Public Health, 14, 1202. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-1202.
  • Kirst, M., Mecredy, G., Borland, T. y Chaiton, M. (2014). Predictors of substance use among young adults transitioning away from high achool: A narrative review.
  • Substance Use & Misuse, 49, 1795-1807. doi:10.3109/10826084.2014.933240.
  • Kokkevi, A., Richardson, C., Florescu, S., Kuzman, M. y Stergar, E. (2007). Psychosocial correlates of substance use in adolescence: A cross-national study in six European countries. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 86, 67-74. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2006.05.018.
  • López-Pelayo, H., Miquel De Montagut, L., Casajuana Kögel, C. y Balcells Oliveró, M. (2018). Post-truth Cannabis use: back to evidence-based medicine. Adicciones, 30, 237-242. doi:10.20882/adicciones.1095.
  • Observatorio Español de las Drogas y las Toxicomanías. (2016). Encuesta sobre alcohol y otras drogas en España 2015/2016. Madrid: Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad.
  • Oficina de las Naciones Unidas contra la Droga y el Delito. (2016). World Drug Report 2016. New York: United Nations publication, Sales No. E.16.XI.7.
  • Parnes, J. E., Smith, J. K. y Conner, B. T. (2018). Reefer madness or much ado about nothing? Cannabis legalization outcomes among young adults in the United States. International Journal of Drug Policy, 56, 116-120. doi:10.1016/j.drugpo.2018.03.011.
  • Popovici, I. y French, M. T. (2014). Cannabis Use, Employment, and Income: Fixed-Effects Analysis of Panel Data. The Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 41, 185-202. doi:10.1007/s11414-013-9349-8.
  • Redonnet, B., Chollet, A., Fombonne, E., Bowes, L. y Melchior, M. (2012). Tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and other illegal drug use among young adults: The socioeconomic context. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 121, 231-239. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.09.002.
  • Rial, A., Burkhart, G., Isorna, M., Barreiro, C., Varela, J. y Golpe, S. (2019). Cannabis use among adolescents: Risk pattern, implications and possible explanatory variables. Adicciones, 31,64-77. doi:10.20882/adicciones.1212.
  • Salloum, N. C., Krauss, M. J., Agrawal, A., Bierut, L. J. y Grucza, R. A. (2018). A reciprocal effects analysis of cannabis use and perceptions of risk. Addiction, 113, 1077-1085. doi:10.1111/add.14174.
  • Silins, E., Horwood, L. J., Patton, G. C., Fergusson, D. M., Olsson, C. A., Hutchinson, D. M.,… Mattick, R. P. (2014). Young adult sequelae of adolescent cannabis use: an integrative analysis. Lancet Psychiatry, 1, 286-293. doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(14)70307-4.
  • StataCorp. (2015). Stata Statistical Software: Release 14. College Station, TX: StataCorp LLC.
  • Teixidó-Compañó, E., Espelt, A., Sordo, L., Bravo, M. J., Sarasa-Renedo, A., Indave, B. I.,… Brugal, M. T. (2018). Differences between men and women in substance use: the role of educational level and employment status. Gaceta Sanitaria, 32, 41-47. doi:10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.12.017.