Estrategias de afrontamiento emocional en mujeres con cáncer de mama y rol de enfermería

  1. María José Alcoba Finol 1
  2. Leticia Sánchez Valdeón 2
  3. Jesús Antonio Fernández Fernández 3
  4. Daniel Fernández García 4
  1. 1 Enfermera
  2. 2 Universidad de León

    Universidad de León

    León, España


  3. 3 Enfermero. Servicio de Oncología. Complejo Asistencial Universitario de León.
  4. 4 Enfermero. Unidad de Radiología Intervencionista. Complejo Asistencial Universitario de León.
Tiempos de enfermería y salud = Nursing and health times

ISSN: 2530-4453

Year of publication: 2019

Issue: 7

Pages: 48-55

Type: Article

More publications in: Tiempos de enfermería y salud = Nursing and health times


Índice Dialnet de Revistas

  • Year 2019
  • Journal Impact: 0.000
  • Field: ENFERMERÍA Quartile: C4 Rank in field: 30/42


Introduction Breast cancer is the most prevalence and mortal tumor amound women in our country.This disease causes an enourmous emotional impact, wich is why patients use several coping strategies to avoid distress and a psychological mismatch. Nurses are the staff that spend most time with this patients, therefore, they need to have proper training and education to be able to help these women, giving them the resources they need to face their emotional needs. Methodology Bibliographic review in which the following databases were used: Medline, Scielo and Academic Google. Articles with year of publishment 2015-2019 were selected, both spanish and english, with free access and that mentioned emotional coping strategies in patients who were diagnosticed with breast cancer. A total of 12 articles were selected. Results A total of 12 articles were selected. In general, women diagnosticed with breast cancer use two types of strategies: positives or actives and negatives or passives. The firsts ones focus on the problem, they have better results and psychological adjustment as humor, religion and positive reevaluation. The second ones are usually associated with inestability and emotional distress such as blame and avoidance. Nursering does not have a protocol to identify emotional needs in breast cancer patients, they usuallly just do a general appreciation of their health. Conclusion It is necessary that the nursing staff are trained to help these patients develop strategies that allow them to adapt to their situation, as well as a protocol that helps identify their emotional needs.