Evidencias de actividad glaciar durante el Dryas reciente (12,9-11,7 ka BP) en la Península Ibérica

  1. García-Ruiz, José María 1
  2. Palacios, David 2
  3. González-Sampériz, Penélope 1
  4. de Andrés, Nuria 2
  5. Moreno, Ana 1
  6. Valero-Garcés, Blas 1
  7. Gómez-Villar, Amelia 3
  1. 1 Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología, CSIC
  2. 2 Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Madrid, España

    ROR 02p0gd045

  3. 3 Universidad de León

    Universidad de León

    León, España

    ROR https://ror.org/02tzt0b78

Cuaternario y geomorfología: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Geomorfología y Asociación Española para el Estudio del Cuaternario

ISSN: 0214-1744

Year of publication: 2016

Issue Title: XIII Reunión de Geomorfología (Cáceres 2014)

Volume: 30

Issue: 1-2

Pages: 9-21

Type: Article

DOI: 10.17735/CYG.V30I1-2.39250 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Cuaternario y geomorfología: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Geomorfología y Asociación Española para el Estudio del Cuaternario


The Younger Dryas (GS-1, entre 12,9 y 11,7 ka BP) was characterized by a remarkable declining in temperature at a global scale. The consequence was a moderate re-advance of glaciers that also affected the main ranges of the Iberian Peninsula. This paper reviews the available information on the location, evolution and extent of such glaciers. The geomorphological activity during the Younger Dryas in the Iberian Peninsula has been identified throughout the presence of morainic deposits (dated in most cases with cosmogenic exposure ages), rocky thresholds polished by the ice, and rock glaciers. The best examples of Younger Dryas moraines were found in the Central Pyrenees, with short ice tongues of up to 4 km in length in the highest massifs and a number of glacial cirques. There is also evidence of small cirque glaciers in the Cantabrian Range and the Central System Range (Gredos and Guadarrama sierras), as deduced by rocky thresholds and morainic deposits close to cirque headwalls. Conversely, in Sierra Nevada (southernmost sector of the Iberian Peninsula) the only evidence of the Younger Dryas is the presence of rock glaciers that were developed during the Oldest Dryas and survived during the Younger Dryas.

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