Eficiencia Técnica y sus factores de ajuste de los municipios productivos de la Denominación de Origen León (España) en 2008 y 2018

  1. Mª del Pilar Rodríguez-Fernández 1
  2. Cristina Hidalgo-González 1
  3. Ramón Álvarez-Esteban 1
  4. Sara del Río González 1
  1. 1 Universidad de León

    Universidad de León

    León, España

    ROR https://ror.org/02tzt0b78

Anales de geografía de la Universidad Complutense

ISSN: 0211-9803

Year of publication: 2022

Volume: 42

Issue: 2

Pages: 485-508

Type: Article

DOI: 10.5209/AGUC.85181 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Anales de geografía de la Universidad Complutense


The diagnosis of a territory must be the preliminary step for the establishment of possible adjustment measures. The use of quantitative methods makes it possible to measure problems and provides objective information for decision-making. This work is carried out within the territorial framework of the León Designation of Origin, which is a Spanish Geographical Indication that protects the winegrowing activity of an area in the northwest of Spain. The main focus of the study is to analyse the technical efficiency in 32 municipalities of the León DO for the years 2008 and 2018. The methodology used is a Factor Analysis, and a Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) adapted for its application in two phases. The results obtained detect the factors and variables that need to be adjusted to improve the efficiency of the municipalities. Two are the elements that need more attention, the factor derived from the population variables and the budgetary expenditures of the municipalities. The possible strategies for action, in the population factor, are directed towards a reduction in the ratios of ageing and dependency that allow the population base of the area to be reactivated towards the achievement of higher activity rates. As far as budgetary expenditure is concerned, it seems necessary to adapt the expenditure of the municipalities towards those activities that really provoke processes of regeneration and economic activation. Territorial resilience is only possible when the initial conditions are appropriate.

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